BSc 1st Year Chemistry Syllabus and Subjects 2023-24

Are you a student of B.Sc or want to take admission in B.Sc Chemistry and are searching for a B.Sc Chemistry 1st year syllabus? If yes, then don’t worry because you landed at the right place. In this article, you can check out the complete BSc chemistry 1st-year syllabus and subjects.

Bachelor of Science in Chemistry is a 3 to 4-year undergraduate program that deals with the study of fundamental aspects of chemistry that cover organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, and physical chemistry.

Each year of B.Sc Chemistry consists of 2 semesters. The duration of each semester is 6 months. The subjects in B.Sc Chemistry vary from semester to semester i.e. the subjects covered in the first semester may not necessarily be the same in the second.

There are mainly three main subjects in B.Sc Chemistry first year and candidates can also choose elective subjects based on their interests.

The subjects and syllabus provided in this article are not necessarily the exact same match in all the universities that offer Bachelor of Science courses. It is possible that the university in which you study has some differences in the syllabus of BSC Chemistry. So read it till the end to understand the complete 1st Year BSC Chemistry Syllabus. I have tried to cover all of the first-year syllabi.

BSC Chemistry 1st Year: Overview

BSc Full FormBachelor of Science
Branch NameChemistry
Total Number of Semesters in 1st Year2 Semesters (6 months Each)
Complete Course Duration3 Years / 4 Years
Core Subjects3
Optional Subjects1 to 2

BSc 1st Year Chemistry Syllabus 2022

Semester ISemester II
Inorganic ChemistryApplication of Computer in Chemistry
Organic ChemistryAnalytical Method in Chemistry Molecule
Physical ChemistryModelling and Drug Design
Practical ProjectPractical

Also Read:- BSc Chemistry 2nd Year Syllabus

BSc Chemistry 1st Semester Syllabus

Inorganic Chemistry

Atomic Structures
  • Introduction
  • Idea of De Broglie Matter Wave
  • Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle
  • Schrodinger Wave Equation
  • Shape of Different Orbitals
  • Quantum Number
  • Pauli’s Exclusion Principles
  • Hund’s Rule of Maximum Multiplicity
  • Aufbau Principles
  • Electronic Configuration of the Elements
  • Effective Nuclear Charge
The Periodic Table
  • Introduction
  • Periodic Classification of Elements
  • History of Periodic Table
  • Dobereiner’s Law of Triads
  • Newlands Law of Octaves
  • Laws of Periodic Table
  • Mendeleev’s Periodic Law
  • Merits of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table
  • Defects of the Mendeleev’s Periodic Table
  • Modified form of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table
  • Lothar Meyer’s Arrangement
  • Modern Periodic Law
  • Merits and Demerits of Modern Periodic Table
  • Periodicity of Properties
Periodic Properties
  • Introduction
  • Atomic and Ionic Radii
  • Classification of Atomic Radii
  • Covalent Radii
  • Factors Affecting the Magnitude of Covalent Radii
  • Metallic or Crystal Radii
  • Van Der Waals’ Radii
  • Periodic Trends of Atomic Radii
  • Factors Affecting Ionic Radii
  • Ionization Energy
  • Factors Affecting the Magnitude of Ionization Energy
  • Application of Ionization Energy
  • Electron Affinity
  • Factors Affecting the Electron Affinity
  • Periodic Trends of Electron Affinity
  • Electronegativity
  • Methods of Evaluating Electronegativity
  • Factors Affecting the Magnitude of Electronegativity
  • Applications of Electronegativity
Chemical Bonding I
  • Introduction
  • Valence Bond Theory and Its Limitation
  • Directional Characteristics of Covalent Bond
  • Sigma and Pi Covalent Bond
  • Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals
  • Types of Hybridization
  • Shape of Simple Inorganic Molecules and Ions
  • Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR)
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
  • Homonuclear (CO and MO) Diatomic Molecules
  • Multicenter Bonding in Electron-Deficient Molecules
  • Bond Strength
  • Bond Energy
  • Measurement of Bond Energy
  • Percent Ionic Character
Chemical Bonding II
  • Introduction
  • Ionic Solids
  • Characteristics of Ionic Solids
  • Crystal Coordination Number
  • Radius Ratio
  • Limitation of Radius Ratio Rile
  • Lattice Defects
  • Semiconductors
  • Lattice Energy of Ionic Crystals
  • Born-Haber Cycle
  • Fajan’s Rule: Polarization of Ions
  • Weak Interactions
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Van Der Waals’Forces
  • Introduction
  • Isotopes of Hydrogen
  • Protium or Ordinary Hydrogen
  • Deuterium or Heavy Hydrogen
  • Tritium or Radioactive Hydrogen
  • Isotope Effect
  • Chemical Properties
  • Uses of D2
  • Production of Tritium
  • Isomers of Hydrogen
  • Difference between Ortho and Para Hydrogen Molecules
  • Hydrides
  • Formation of Complex Hydrides
  • Oxides of Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)
The Alkali Metals
  • Introduction
  • General Characteristics of Alkali Metals and Their Uses
  • Uses of Alkali Metals
  • Oxides and Hydroxides of Alkali Metals
  • Solubility and Hydration of Alkali Metal Compounds
  • Complexation of Alkali Metal Ions
  • Anomalous Behaviour of Lithium
  • Diagonal Relationship of Li with Mg
Alkaline Earth Metals
  • Introduction
  • General Characteristics of Alkaline Earth Metals and Their Uses
  • Uses of Alkaline Earth Metals
  • Halides and Hydride of Beryllium
  • Preparation and Properties of Be-halides
  • Preparation and Properties of Be-hydride
  • Complexation Behaviour of Alkaline Earth Metals
  • Anomalous Behavior of Beryllium
Elements of Group-13
  • Introduction
  • General Characteristics and Uses
  • Hydrides of Boron Diborane and Borazine
  • Diborane
  • Borazine
  • Halides of Boron and Aluminium
  • Boron Trihalides
  • Aluminium Halides
  • Oxides of Boron and Borates
  • Oxides of Boron
  • Borates
  • Anomalous Behaviour of Boron
Elements of Group-14
  • Introduction
  • General Characteristics
  • Uses of Group 14 Elements
  • Oxides of Carbon and Silicon
  • Oxides of Carbon
  • Solid Carbon Dioxide
  • Silicon Oxide (SiO2)
  • Halides of Carbon
  • Fluorocarbons
  • Properties and Uses
  • Organosilicon Compounds: Silicones
  • Anomalous Behaviour of Carbon
Elements of Group-15
  • Introductions
  • General Characteristics
  • Electronic Configuration
  • Occurrence
  • Physical State and Elemental Structure
  • Metallic and Nonmetallic Character
  • Density, Hardness, Atomic Radii and Atomic Volume
  • Ionization Energy, Electronegativity and Heat of Atomization
  • Melting and Boiling Points
  • Oxidation States
  • Electron Donor-Acceptor Properties
  • Allotropy
  • Catenation
  • Electrical and Thermal Conductivity
  • Combination with Active Metals
  • Chemical Reactivity
  • Hydrides of Elements
  • Halides of Elements
  • Oxides and Oxo Acids of Elements
  • Properties and Structures of Oxides
  • Oxyacides
  • Anomalous Behavior of Nitrogen
Elements of Group-16
  • Introduction
  • General Characteristics and Uses
  • Oxides of Sulphur
  • Sulphur Dioxides
  • Sulphur Trioxide
  • Oxoacides of Sulphur
  • Sulphurous Acid Series
  • Sulphurous Acid
  • Thiosulphurous Acid
  • Hyposulphurous Acid
  • Pyrosulphurous Acid
  • Sulphuric Acid Series
  • Sulphuric Acid
  • Thiosulphuric Acid
  • Pyrosulphuric Acid
  • Peroxysulphuric Acid Series
  • Peroxymonosulphuric Acid
  • Peroxydisulphuric Acid
  • Thionic Acid Series
  • Dithionic Acid
  • Polythionic Acid
  • Halides of Sulphur and Their Properties
  • Dihalides
  • Tetrahalides
  • Dimeric Monohalides
  • Hexahalides
  • Dimeric Pentafluoride
  • Anomalous Behaviour of Oxygen
Elements of Group-17
  • Introduction
  • General Characteristics and Uses
  • Physical Properties of Halogens
  • Physical State
  • Melting and Boiling Point
  • Ionization Potential
  • Electronegativity
  • Electron Affinity
  • Odour
  • Non-Metallic Character
  • Bond Energy and Reactivity
  • Oxidation State
  • Stability of Halogens
  • Chemical Properties
  • Halides and Halogen Oxides
  • Characteristics of Hydrogen Halides
  • Oxides of Halogens
  • Oxoacides of Halogens
  • Oxiacids of Chlorine
  • Oxoacides of Bromine
  • Oxoacids of Iodine
  • Interhalogen Compounds
  • Polyhalides
  • Basic Properties of Halogen
  • Anomalous Behavior of Fluorine
Chemistry of Noble Gases Elements
  • Introduction
  • General Characteristics and Uses
  • Compounds of Noble Gases
  • Compounds Formation under Excited State Conditions
  • Compounds Formation Through Coordination
  • Compounds Formation Through Dipole-Induced Dipole Interaction
  • Compounds Formation Through Physical Trapping
  • Compounds of Xenon
  • Structure and Bonding in Xenon Compounds
  • Theories of Bonding in Xenon Compounds

Organic Chemistry

Structure and Bonding
  • Introduction
  • Hybridization
  • Bond Length and Bond Angles, Bond Energy
  • Localized and Delocalized Chemical Bond
  • Van der Waal Interactions
  • Inclusion Compounds, Clatherates, Charge Transfer Complexes
  • Resonance
  • Hyperconjution
  • Aromaticity
  • Steric Effect
  • Hydrogen Bonding
Mechanism of Organic Reaction
  • Introduction
  • Curved Arrow Notation
  • Drawing Electron Movements with Arrows
  • Half-Headed and Double-Headed Arrows
  • Homolytic and Heterolytic Bond Cleavage
  • Type of Reagents
  • Nucleophilic Reagents
  • Electrophilic Reagents
  • Recapitulation of Types of Reagents
Reaction Intermediate
  • Introduction
  • Reaction Intermediates
  • Carbocations
  • Carbanions
  • Free Radicals
  • Carbenes
  • Nitrenes
  • Benzynes
  • Formal Charge on Intermediates and Other Ionic Species
  • Introduction
  • Concept of Isomerism
  • Types of Isomerism
  • Optical Isomerism
  • Elements of Symmetry
  • Molecular Chirality, Enantiomers
  • Stereogenic Centre
  • Properties of Enantiomers
  • Chiral and Achiral Molecules with Two Stereogenic Centres
  • Diastereomers
  • Properties of Diastereomers
  • Threo and Erythro Diastereomers
  • Meso Compound
  • Resolution of Enantiomers
  • Inversion, Retention and Racemization
  • D & L System of Nomenclature
  • R & S System of Nomenclature
  • Sequence Rule
  • Introduction
  • Geometrical Isomerism
  • Determination of Configuration of Geometrical Isomers
  • E & Z System of Nomenclature
  • Geometrical Isomerism in Oximes and Acyclic Compounds
  • Conformational Analysis of Ethane
  • Conformational Analysis of N-butane
  • Conformation of Cyclohexane
  • Axial and Equatorial Bond
  • Conformation of Mono Substituted Cyclohexane
  • Newman Projection and Sawhorse Formula
  • Fisher and Flying Wedge Formula
  • Difference Between Configuration and Conformation
  • Introduction
  • IUPAC Nomenclature of Branch and Unbranched Alkanes
  • Classification of Carbon Atoms in Alkanes
  • Isomerism of Alkanes
  • Methods of Formation
  • Kolbe’s Reaction
  • Corey-House Reaction of Alkanes
  • Mechanism of Free Radical Halogenations of Alkanes
  • Orientation, Reactivity and Selectivity
  • Introduction
  • Cycloalkanes
  • Nomenclature
  • Methods of Formation
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Baeyer’s Strain Theory and Its Limitations
  • Nomenclature of Alkenes
  • Isomerism of Alkenes
  • Methods of Preparation
  • Physical Properties of Alkenes
  • Chemical Reaction of Alkenes
  • Mechanism Involved in Hydrogenation
  • Electrophilic and Free Radical Addition
  • Markownikoff’s Rule
  • Hydroboration Oxidation
  • Oxymercuration Reduction
  • Ozonolysis
  • Oxidation with KMnO4 and OsO4
  • Polymerization of Alkenes
  • Industrial Application of Ethylene and Propene
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Methods of Formation
  • Conformation
  • Chemical Reactions of Cycloalkenes
  • Nomenclature and Classification of Dienes
  • Isolated, Conjugated and Cumulated Dienes
  • Structure of Allenes and Butadienes
  • Methods of Formation
  • Polymerization
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Diels – Alder Reaction
  • Nomenclature and Classification
  • Structure and Bonding in Alkynes
  • Methods of Formation
  • Physical Properties
  • Chemical Reactions of Alkynes
  • Mechanism of Electrophilic and Nucleophilic Addition Reactions
  • Oxidation and Polymerization
Ares and Aromaticity
  • Nomenclatures of Benzene Derivatives
  • The aryl group
  • Aromatic Nucleus and Side Chain
  • Structure of Benzene
  • Molecular formula and Kekule Structure
  • Resonance and MO picture
  • Aromaticity
  • Methods of Preparation
  • Properties
  • Reduction of Benzene
  • Orientation and Ortho/Para Ratio
Alkyl Halides
  • Nomenclature and Classification of Alkyl Halides
  • Methods of Formation
  • Physical Properties
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Mechanism of Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions of Alkyl Halides
  • Elimination Reactions
  • Polyhalegen Compounds
Aryl Halides
  • Nomenclature and Classification of Aryl Halides
  • Methods of Formation of Aryl Halides
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Relative Reactivity of Alkyl Halides vs Allyl Vinyl and Aryl Halides
  • Synthesis and Uses of DDT and BHC

Physical Chemistry

Unites and Dimensions
  • Introduction
  • Basic Units, Derived Units and SI Prefixes
  • Grammatical Rules for Representing the SI Unites
  • Conversion of Non-SI Units to SI Units
Gases State I
  • Postulates of Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Deviation from Ideal Behaviour
  • Van der Waal’s Equation of State
  • Isotherm of Carbon Dioxide
  • Continuity of State
  • Law of Corresponding States
  • Reduced Equation of State
Gases State II
  • Distribution of Molecular Velocities
  • Different Kinds of Velocities
  • Qualitative Discussion of Maxwell’s Distribution of Velocities
  • Collision Number/Collision Diameter
  • Collision Frequency
  • Mean Free Path
  • Liquification of Gases
  • Joule-Thomson’s Effect
Liquid State
  • Intermolecular Forces
  • Structure of Liquids
  • Characteristic Properties of Liquids
  • Refractive Index
  • Liquid Crystals
  • Structure of Liquid Crystals
Solid State
  • Definition
  • Definition of Space Lattice and Unit Cell
  • Laws of Crystallography
  • Symmetry Elements of a Crystal
  • Lattice Sites and Coordination Number
  • X-ray Diffraction of Crystals
  • Structure of Crystal System NaCl, KCl and CsCl
  • Born Haber Cycle
Chemical Kinetics-I
  • Chemical Kinetics and Its Scope
  • Zero, First, Second and Third Order Reactions
  • Integrated Law for Zero and First Order Reaction
  • Rate Expression for First-Order Reaction
Chemical Kinetics-II
  • Rate Expression for Zero Order Reactions
  • Rate Law for First-Order Reaction
  • Rate of Radioactive Disintegration
  • Concept of Activation Energy
  • Collision Theory of Reaction Rate
  • Effect of Catalyst
  • Arrhenius Equation
Colloids and Macromolecules
  • Colloidal Systems
  • Preparation of Colloidal Particles
  • Condensation Methods
  • Purification of Sols, Dialysis and Ultra Filtration
  • General Properties of Colloidal Systems
  • Colour of the Sols
  • Optical Properties
  • Electrical Double Layer
  • Coagulation
  • Protection of Colloids
  • Stability of Sols
  • Determination of Size of Colloidal Particles
  • Associated Colloids or Colloidal Electrolytes
  • Emulsions
  • Gels
  • Application of Colloids
  • Macromolecules
  • Types of Catalysis
  • Characteristics of Catalytic Reactions
  • Promoters
  • Catalytic Poisoning
  • Negative Catalysis
  • Theories of Catalysis
  • Activation Energy and Catalysis
  • Enzyme Catalysis
  • Industrial Application of Catalysis
Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics
  • Definition of Thermodynamic Terms
  • Reversible and Irreversible Processes
  • State of a System
  • Thermodynamic Equilibrium
  • Nature of Heat and Work
  • State Function, Exact and Inexact Differentials
First Law of Thermodynamics
  • First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Internal Energy
  • Internal Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Enthalpy of a System
  • Relation Between ∆H and ∆E
  • Heat Capacity
  • Joule-Thomson Effect
  • Reversible Work: Isothermal Expansion, Isothermal Compression and Adiabatic
  • Heat of Reaction
  • Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions
  • Factors Affecting Heat of Reaction
  • Enthalpy of Reaction or Heat of Reaction
  • Variation of Heat of Reaction with Temperature
  • Different Types of Heat of Reaction
  • Heat of Combustion
  • Uses of Heat of Combustion
  • Heat of Solution
  • Heat of Neutralisation
  • Hess’s Law of Constant Heat Summation
  • Bond Energies

Also Read:- BSc Chemistry 3rd Year Syllabus

BSc Chemistry 2nd Semester Syllabus

Application of Computer in Chemistry
  • Arithmetic expressions
  • Hierarchy of Operations
  • Elements of the BASIC language
  • Statistical Analysis
  • Roots of Equations
  • Quadratic Formula
  • Newton-Raphson Method
  • Binary Bisection and Regula-Falsi
  • Differential Calculus
  • Integral Calculus
  • Simultaneous Equations
  • Interpolation, Extrapolation and Curve Fitting
  • Conceptual Background of Molecular Modelling
  • Roots of Equations
  • Numerical Differentiation
  • Numerical Integration
  • Matrix Operations
Analytical Method in Chemistry Molecule
  • Qualitative and Quantitative Aspects of Analysis
  • Evaluation of Analytical Data
  • Accuracy and Precision
  • Methods of their Expression
  • Normal Law of Distribution
  • Optical Methods of Analysis
  • Interaction of Radiation with Matter
  • Fundamental Laws of Spectroscopy
  • Validity of Beer-Lambert’s Law
  • UV-Visible Spectrometry
  • Basic Principles of Quantitative Analysis
  • Infrared Spectrometry
  • Flame Atomic Absorption and Emission Spectrometry
  • Thermal Methods of Analysis
  • Electroanalytical Methods
  • Separation Techniques
  • Solvent Extraction
  • Mechanism of Extraction
  • Technique of Extraction
  • Qualitative and Quantitative Aspects of Solvent Extraction
  • Chromatography
  • Mechanism of Separation
  • Development of Chromatograms
  • Role of Computers in Instrumental Methods of Analysis
Modelling and Drug Design
  • Introduction to Molecular Modelling
  • Useful Concepts in Molecular Modelling
  • Coordinate Systems
  • Potential Energy Surfaces
  • Computer Hardware and Software
  • Force Fields
  • Bond Stretching
  • Angle Bending
  • Hydrogen Bonding in Molecular
  • Energy Minimization and Computer Simulation
  • Molecular Dynamics & Monte Carlo Simulation
  • Dynamics with Continuous Potentials
  • Structure Prediction and Drug Design
  • Structure-Based de Novo Ligand Design
  • Drug Discovery

BSc Chemistry 1st Year Elective Subjects

Analytical Methods in ChemistryPolymer Chemistry and Research Methodology for Chemistry
Industrial Chemicals and EnvironmentApplication of Computer in Chemistry
Molecular Modelling and Drug DesignInorganic Materials of Industrial Importance
Instrumental Methods of Chemical AnalysisNovel Inorganic Solids

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the subjects in BSc chemistry 1st year?

There are three types of chemistry are in BSc 1st year: inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry and physical chemistry.

Is BSc chemistry easy?

If you have an interest in chemistry and want to study in-depth chemistry then a Bachelor of Science in Chemistry is an easy course for you.

What is best after BSc chemistry?

You can go for higher studies in the chemistry stream or you can do a normal job.

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