B.Com 1st Year Subjects and Syllabus List (Latest Update)

Searching for the b.com subjects and syllabus for 1st year If yes, don’t worry. In this article, I will provide the BCom 1st-year subjects and syllabus along with the BCom 1st-year book’s name.

B.Com stand’s for Bachelor of Commerce. It is a 3-year undergraduate program designed in such a way that students can gain knowledge and develop their thinking in things like analytical ability, business knowledge and financial literacy. It is a course that deals with the study of commerce, accounting, finance, management, and many more. The 3 years BCom course is divided into 6 semesters and each semester has 6 months of duration.

The subjects and syllabus of BCom (Bachelor of Commerce) are divided into 6 semesters. The syllabus of one semester is different compared to another semester. There is a lot of topic in the field of commerce that come under this BCom syllabus.

Below are the main subjects of the BCom course.

Note:- BCom subjects and syllabus may vary from university to university.

BCom 1st Year Subjects

BCom 1st Semester Subjects
1. Environment Studies
2. Financial Accounting – I
3. Business Organization and Management
4. Business Computing (IT)
5. Principle of Micro Economics
6. New Venture Planning

BCom Semester 1 Syllabus

1. Environment Studies

I. Multidisciplinary Nature of Environmental Studies: Definition, Scope, and Its Importance

II. Natural Resources: Natural and Non-renewable Resources

III. Ecosystems: Concept, Function, Food Chains, Types of Ecosystem

IV. Biodiversity and Its Conservation: Introduction, Value of Biodiversity, Threats to Biodiversity, Conservation of Biodiversity

V. Environmental Pollution: Definition, Types of Pollution, Waste Management, Disaster Management

VI. Social Issue and the Environment: Sustainable Development, Water Conservation, Rain Water Harvesting, Environmental Ethics, Climate Change, Public Awareness

VII. Human Population and The Environment: Population Explosion, Human Rights, Education, Role of IT in Environment and Human Health

VIII. Field Work: Environmental Assets, Study of Common Plant, Birds, Insects, Simple Ecosystems

2. Financial Accounting

I. A. Theoretical Framework: Branches of Accounting, Financial Accounting Principles, Basic Concepts, Financial Accounting Standards B. Accounting process from a recording of a business transaction to the preparation of trial balance including adjustments

II. A. Business Income: Measurement, Revenue, The nature of depreciation, Inventories. B. Preparation of financial statements of not for profit organizations

III. Accounting for Hire Purchase and Installment System, Consignment, and Joint Venture: Transactions, Purchaser, Accounting Procedure

IV. Accounting for Inland Branches: Debtors Method and Stock

V. Accounting for Dissolution of Partnership Firm: Computerized Accounting System, Creation of Vouchers

3. Business Organization and Management

I. Foundation of Indian Business: Manufacturing, Globalisation, Technological Innovations, Make in India, Franchising, E-commerce, and many more

II. Business Enterprises: Partnership Firm, Business Interface, Rationale and Forms of Public Enterprises, Multinational Corporations

III. Management and Organization: Planning, Delegation, and Decentalisation of Authority

IV. Leadership, Motivation and Control: Theory of Leadership, Communication

V. Functional Areas of Management: Marketing Management, Pricing Policies and Practices, Financial Management, Human Resource Management

4. Business Computing (IT)

I. Introduction: Introduction of Computer, Types of Computer, Input and Output Devices, Hardware, Memory

II. Operation System: Definition, Types of OS, Cryptography, Windows

III. Word Processing: Application of Word Processing, Mail Merge and Macros

IV. Spread Sheet: Application of Work Sheet, Menus and Tool Bars, Formulae, Cell Reference, Macros

V. PowerPoint Presentation: Application of PowerPoint Presentation, Creating Presentations, Templates and Manually, Formatting, Custom Animation and Transition, Internet and Browsing, Application of Multimedia

5. Principle of Micro Economics

I. Consumer Behaviour and Elasticity of Demand: Basic demand and supply analysis, Ordinal utility analysis of consumer behaviour, Consumer Equilibrium

II. Production and Cost: Three-stage of production, Cost of Production, Economic region of production

III. Perfect Competition: Assumptions, Equilibrium, Consumers, Producers, Welfare effects of an excise tax.

IV. Monopoly: Measurement of Monopoly, Degree of Price Discrimination

V. Imperfect Competition: Monopolistic Competition, Monopolistic Competition and Economic Efficiency, Oligopoly and Interdependence

6. New Venture Planning

I. Starting New Ventures: Opportunity Identification, The role of creative thinking, Developing your creativity, Entrepreneurial Imagination and creativity

II. Methods to Initiate Ventures: Creating New Ventures, Advantages of Acquiring an Ongoing Venture, Evaluating the Franchising Opportunities

III. Legal Challenges in Sitting up Business: Intellectual Property Protection, Trademarks, and Copyrights, Legal acts governing businesses in India, Identifying a form of organization

IV. The Search for Entrepreneurial Capital: The venture capital market, Evaluating the venture capitalist, Bank funding, Business incubators and facilitators

V. The Marketing Aspects of New Ventures: Developing a marketing plan, Sales forecasting, Evaluation, Pricing Decision

VI. Business Plan Preparation for New Ventures: Business Plan, Benefits of a Business Plan, Elements of a business plan, Marketing, Research, Management

BCom Semester 2 Syllabus

BCom 2nd Semester Subjects
1. Business Law
2. Management Principles and Application
3. Business Communication
4. Business Mathematics and Statistics

1. Business Law

I. The Indian Contract Act, 1872: Contract, Essentials of Valid Contract, Void Agreements, Quasi, Discharge of Contract, Contingent Contracts

II. Special Contracts: Contract of Agency, Contract of Indemnity and Guarantee, Contract of Bailment, and Pledge

III. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930: Contract of Sale, Transfer of Ownership in Goods, Auction Sale, Conditions and Warranties, Unpaid Seller

IV. The Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008: Difference Between LLP and Partnership, Nature of LLP, Incorporation Document, Taxation of LLP

V. The Information Technology Act 2000: Definitions under the Act, Regulation of Certifying Authorities, Penalties and Adjudication, Appellate Tribunal, Offences

2. Management Principle and Application

I. Introduction: Essence of Management, Evolution of Management Thought, Trends and Challenges of Management

II. Planning: Types of Plan, Strategic Planning, Growth Strategies, Environmental Analysis and Diagnosis, Business Environment

III. Organising: Process of Organizing, Formal and Informal Organization, Principles of Organizing, Types of Organization Structure

IV. Staffing and Directing: Concept of Staffing, Motivation, Leadership, Communication

V. Control: Concept, Limitation, Principles of Effective Control

3. Business Communication

I. Introduction: Nature, Types of Communication, Electronic Media for Business Communication, Barriers to Communication

II. Business Correspondence: Presentation, Sending Quotations, Sales Letter

III. Report Writing: Types of Reports, Process of Writing Report, Apply citation rules in reports

IV. Business Language and Presentation: Importance of Business Language, Powerpoint presentation

V. Technology and Business Communication: Role, effects and advantages of technology in business communication, Social Networking

4. Business Mathematics and Statistics

I. Business Mathematics: Matrices, Differential Calculus, Basic Mathematics of Finance

II. Business Statistics: Uni-variate Analysis, Bi-variate Analysis, Time-based Data (Index Numbers and Time Series Analysis)

BCom 1st Year Books Name

  • Business Law – I
  • Auditing – I
  • Cost Accounting – I
  • Financial Accounting – I
  • Business Organization and Management
  • Mathematics and Statistics
  • Company Law
  • Business Economics – I
  • Taxation – I

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How many subjects are there in BCom 1st year?

There are 5 to 6 subjects in BCom’s 1st year.

Can we do BCom without maths?


Can I choose regional language as a subject in BCom?

Yes, there is some regional language there in the B.Com course. You can choose a subject.

How many optional subjects are there in the BCom course?

There is mainly 2 optional subject you choose in the B.Com course.

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