BSc 2nd Year Physics Syllabus and Subjects 2023-24 (PDF)

Are you looking for BSc in Physics 2nd year syllabus? If yes, then you visited the right site because I will share the complete BSc 2nd-year physics honours syllabus in this article as per the University Grant Commission (UGC).

BSc physics mainly consists of five subjects of which three are core subjects and the rest are skill enhancement and generic elective subjects in each semester of this course. The subjects cover all the essential education which is required for a candidate in B.Sc Physics second.

Bachelor of Science in Physics stream is a 3-year or 4-year undergraduate degree level course that opens the door to explore the basic and in-depth concepts of physics. Usually, students enrol in this course after passing 12th and also the minimum educational qualification to take admission in B.Sc Physics is 12th.

The syllabus of BSc Physics may differ from one university to another. So it is not necessary that the syllabus given below matches your university syllabus. However, I tried to cover most of the university syllabus.

If you did not find the syllabus of your university in this article, then comment below, and I will update the syllabus of that university.

BSc Physics 2nd Year: Overview

BSc Full FormBachelor of Science
Total Number of Semesters in 2nd Year2 Semesters (6 Months Each)
Complete Course Duration3 Years / 4 Years
Core Subjects3
Optional Subjects1 or 2

BSc Physics 2nd Year Syllabus

Semester IIISemester IV
Mathematical Physics-IIMathematical Physics III
Mathematical Physics-II LabMathematical Physics-III Lab
Thermal PhysicsElements of Modern Physics
Thermal Physics LabElements of Modern Physics Lab
Digital Systems and ApplicationsAnalog Systems and Applications
Digital Systems & Applications LabAnalog Systems & Applications Lab

BSc Physics 3rd Semester Syllabus

Mathematical Physics-II

Fourier Series
  • Periodic Functions
  • Dirichlet Conditions
  • Complex Representation of Fourier Series
  • Expansion of Functions with Arbitrary Period
  • Even and Odd Functions and Their Fourier Expansions
  • Summing of Infinite Series
  • Parseval Identity
Frobenius Method and Special Functions
  • Frobenius Method and Its Applications to Differential Equations
  • Hermite and Laguerre Differential Equations
  • Properties of Legendre Polynomials
  • Rodrigues Formula
  • Orthogonality
  • Simple Recurrence Relations
  • Bessel Functions of the First Kind
  • Generating Function, Simple Recurrence Relations
  • Zeros of Bessel Functions and Orthogonality
Some Special Integrals
  • Beta and Gamma Functions
  • Error Function
Theory of Errors
  • Systematic and Random Errors
  • Propagation of Errors
  • Normal Law of Errors
  • Standard and Probable Error
Partial Differential Equations
  • Solutions to Partial Differential Equations
  • Laplace’s Equation in Problems of Rectangular
  • Cylindrical and Spherical Symmetry
  • Rectangular and Circular Membranes

Thermal Physics

Introduction to Thermodynamics Zeroth and First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Extensive and Intensive Thermodynamic Variables
  • Thermodynamic Equilibrium
  • Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
  • Concept of Temperature
  • Concept of Work & Heat
  • First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Internal Energy
  • Applications of First Law
  • General Relation Between Cp and Cv
  • Work Done During Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes
  • Compressibility and Expansion Co-efficient
Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • Reversible and Irreversible Process with Examples
  • Conversion of Work into Heat and Heat into Work
  • Heat Engines
  • Carnot’s Cycle
  • Carnot Engine & Efficiency
  • 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
  • Kelvin-Planck and Clausius Statements
  • Carnot’s Theorem
  • Applications of Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • Concept of Entropy
  • Clausius Theorem
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics in terms of Entropy
  • Entropy of a Perfect Gas
  • Principle of Increase of Entropy
  • Entropy of the Universe
  • Principle of Increase of Entropy
  • Unattainability of Absolute Zero
Thermodynamic Potentials
  • Extensive and Intensive Thermodynamic Variable
  • Thermodynamic Potentials
  • Helmholtz Free Energy
  • Gibb’s Free Energy
  • Cooling due to Adiabatic Demagnetization
  • Clausius Clapeyron Equation
  • Ehrenfest Equations
Maxwell’s Thermodynamic Relations
  • Derivations and Applications of Maxwell’s Relations
  • Clausius Clapeyron Equation
  • Values of Cp-Cv
  • Tds Equations
  • Energy Equations
  • Change of Temperature During Adiabatic Process
Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Maxwell-Boltzmann Law
  • Ideal Gas and Its Experimental Verification
  • Doppler Broadening of Spectral Lines and Stern’s Experiment
  • RMS and Most Probable Speeds
  • Degrees of Freedom
  • Law of Equipartition of Energy
  • Specific Heats of Gases
Molecular Collisions
  • Mean Free Path
  • Collision Probability
  • Estimates of Mean Free Path
  • Transport Phenomenon in Ideal Gases
  • Brownian Motion and Its Significance
Real Gases
  • Behaviour of Real Gases
  • Deviations from the Ideal Gas Equation
  • The Virial Equation
  • Andrew’s Experiments on CO2 Gas
  • Vapour and Gas
  • Boyle Temperature
  • Values of Critical Constants
  • Law of Corresponding States
  • Comparison with Experimental Curves
  • P-V Diagrams
  • Joule’s Experiment
  • Temperature of Inversion
  • Joule-Thomson Cooling

Digital Systems and Applications

Introduction to CRO
  • Block Diagram of CRO
  • Deflection System and Time Base
  • Deflection Sensitivity
  • Applications of CRO
Integrated Circuits
  • Active and Passive Components
  • Discrete Components
  • Advantages and Drawbacks of ICs
  • Scale of Integration
  • Classification of ICs
  • Examples of Linear and Digital ICs
Digital Circuits
  • Difference Between Analog and Digital Circuits
  • Binary Numbers
  • Octal and Hexadecimal Numbers
  • AND, OR, and NOT Gates
  • NAND and NOR Gates as Universal Gates
  • XOR and XNOR Gates
  • Application as Parity Checkers
Boolean Algebra
  • De Morgan’s Theorems
  • Boolean Laws
  • Simplification of Logic Circuit Using Boolean Algebra
  • Fundamental Products
  • Idea of Minterms and Maxterms
Data Processing Circuits
  • Basic Idea of Multiplexers
  • De-multiplexers
  • Decodes
  • Encoders
Sequential Circuits
  • Clocked Flip-Flops
  • Preset and Clear Operations
  • Race-Around Conditions in JK Flip-Flop
  • M/S JK Flip-Flop
  • Block Diagram and Applications
  • Astable Multivibrator
  • Monostable Multivibrator
Shift Registers
  • Serial-in-Serial-out
  • Serial-in-Parallel-out
  • Parallel-in-Serial-out
  • Parallel-in-Parallel-out
Counters (4 Bits)
  • Ring Counter
  • Asynchronous Counters
  • Decade Counter
  • Synchronous Counter
Computer Organization
  • Input/Output Devices
  • Data Storage
  • Computer Memory
  • Memory Organization & Addressing
  • Memory Interfacing
  • Memory Map
Intel 8085 Microprocessor Architecture
  • Main Features of 8085
  • Block Diagram
  • Pin-Out Diagram
  • Timing & Control Circuitry
  • Timing States
  • Timing Diagram of MOV and MVI

BSc Physics 4th Semester Syllabus

Mathematical Physics-III

Complex Analysis
  • Brief Revision of Complex Numbers
  • Euler’s Formula
  • De Moivre’s Theorem
  • Roots of Complex Numbers
  • Functions of Complex Variables
  • Analyticity and Cauchy-Riemann
  • Examples of Analytic Functions
  • Singular Functions
  • Integration of a Function of a Complex Variable
  • Caucy’s Inequality
  • Cauchy’s Integral Formula
  • Simply and Multiply Connected Region
  • Laurent and Taylor’s Expansion
  • Residues and Residue Theorem
  • Application in Solving Definite Integrals
Integrals Transforms
  • Fourier Transforms
  • Fourier Integral Theorem
  • Fourier Transform
  • Fourier Transform of Trigonometric
  • Fourier Transform of Derivates
  • Convolution Theorem
  • Properties of Fourier Transform
  • Application of Fourier Transform
  • One Dimensional Wave
  • Diffusion/Heat Flow Equations
  • Laplace Transforms
  • Properties of LTs
  • LT of Unit Step Function
  • Dirac Delta Function
  • Application of Laplace Transforms to Differential Equations
  • Damped Harmonic Oscillator
  • Simple Electrical Circuits

Elements of Modern Physics

  • Blackbody Radiation
  • Quantum Theory of Light
  • Photo-electric effect and Compton Scattering
  • De Broglie Wavelength and Matter Waves
  • Davisson-Germer Experiment
  • Group and Phase Velocities and Relation Between Them
  • Two-Slit Experiment with Electrons
  • Wave Amplitude and Wave Functions
  • Position Measurement
  • Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
  • Linear Superposition Principle as a Consequence
  • Matter Waves and Wave Amplitude
  • One Dimensional Infinitely Rigid Box
  • Nature of Nuclear Force
  • Semi-empirical Mass Formula and Binding Energy
  • Nuclear Shell Model and Magic Numbers
  • Radioactivity
  • Law of Radioactive Decay
  • Energy-Momentum Conservation
  • Fission and Fusion
  • Nuclear Reactor
  • Metastable States
  • Spontaneous and Stimulated Emissions
  • Optical Pumping and Population Inversion
  • Three-Level and Four-Level Lasers
  • Ruby Laser and He-Ne Laser

Analog Systems and Applications

Semiconductor Diodes
  • P and N-type Semiconductors
  • Energy Level Diagram
  • Conductivity and Mobility
  • Concept of Drift Velocity
  • PN Juction Fabrication
  • Barrier Formation in PN Juction Diode
  • Static and Dynamic Resistance
  • Drift Velocity
  • Derivation for Barrier Potential
  • Barrier Width and Current for Step Junction
Two-terminal Devices and Their Applications
  • Rectifier Diode
  • Half-Wave Rectifiers
  • Centre-Tapped
  • Bridge Full-wave Rectifiers
  • Calculation of Ripple Factor and Rectification Efficiency
  • Zener Diode and Voltage Regulation
Bipolar Junction Transistors
  • n-p-n and p-n-p Transistors
  • Load Line Analysis of Transistors
  • DC Load Line and Q-point
  • Physical Mechanism of Current Flow
  • Transistor Biasing and Stabilization Circuits
  • Fixed Bias and Voltage Divider Bias
  • Transistor as 2-port Network
  • Input and Output Impedance
  • Current, Voltage and Power Gains
  • Classification of Class A, B & C Amplifiers
Coupled Amplifier
  • RC- coupled Amplifier and Its Frequency Response
Feedback in Amplifiers
  • Effects of Positive and Negative Feedback on Input Impedance
  • Output Impedance
  • Stability
  • Distortion and Noise
Sinusoidal Oscillators
  • Barkhausen’s Criterion for Self-Sustained Oscillations
  • RC Phase Shift Oscillator
  • Determination of Frequency
  • Hartley & Colpitts Oscillators
Operational Amplifiers
  • Characteristics of an Ideal and Practical Op-Amp
  • Open-loop and Closed-loop Gain
  • Frequency Response
  • CMRR
  • Slew Rate and Concept of Virtual Ground
Applications of Op-Amps
  • Inverting and Non-inverting Amplifiers
  • Differentiator
  • Integrator
  • Log Amplifier
  • Zero Crossing Detector
  • Wein Bridge Oscillator
  • Resistive Network
  • Accuracy and Resolution
  • A/D Conversion

Also Read:- BSc Physics 1st Year Syllabus

BSc Physics Core Papers

  1. Mathematical Physics-I
  2. Waves and Optics
  3. Electricity and Magnetism
  4. Mechanics
  5. Mathematical Physics–II
  6. Digital Systems and Applications
  7. Thermal Physics
  8. Mathematical Physics III
  9. Analog Systems and Applications
  10. Elements of Modern Physics
  11. Quantum Mechanics and Applications
  12. Electromagnetic Theory
  13. Solid State Physics
  14. Statistical Mechanics

Skill Enhancement Courses

  1. Electrical Circuit Network Skills
  2. Renewable Energy and Energy Harvesting
  3. Radiation Safety
  4. Weather Forecasting
  5. Physics Workshop Skills
  6. Computational Physics Skills
  7. Basic Instrumentation Skills
  8. Mechanical Drawing
  9. Applied Optics

Generic Elective Papers

  1. Electricity and Magnetism
  2. Waves and Optics
  3. Elements of Modern Physics
  4. Solid State Physics
  5. Embedded System: Introduction to microcontroller
  6. Nuclear and Particle Physics
  7. Quantum Mechanics
  8. Mathematical Physics
  9. Digital, Analog and Instrumentation
  10. Thermal Physics
  11. Mechanics

Discipline-Specific Elective Papers

  1. Experimental Techniques
  2. Physics of Devices and Instrumentation
  3. Classical Dynamics
  4. Nuclear and Particle Physics
  5. Atmospheric Physics
  6. Earth Science
  7. Biophysics
  8. Dissertation
  9. Embedded systems- Introduction to Microcontroller
  10. Advanced Mathematical Physics
  11. Applied Dynamics
  12. Astronomy and Astrophysics
  13. Nano Materials and Applications
  14. Medical Physics

B.Sc 2nd Year Physics Syllabus PDF 2022

CCS University BSc 2nd Year Physics Syllabus

Physical Optics and Lasers

  • Interference of a Light
  • Haidinger Fringes
  • Fresnel Diffraction
  • Fraunhofer Diffraction
  • Diffraction Gratings
  • Laser System
  • Application of Lasers


  • Electrostatics
  • Magnetostatics
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Dielectrics
  • Magnetic Properties of Matter
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Text and Reference Books

Elements of Quantum Mechanics, Atomic and Molecular Spectra

  • Matter Waves
  • Schrodinger Equation and Its Applications
  • Atomic Spectra
  • Molecular Spectra

Leave a Comment